While it’s not something most of us choose to think about, the truth is that identity theft remains the fastest growing crime in America. The number of identity theft incidents has reached 9.9 million a year, according to the Federal Trade Commission.
Every minute about 19 people fall victim to identity theft. It takes the average victim an estimated $500 and 30 hours to resolve each identity theft crime.
Basically, there are two ways we can respond to the matter of identity theft: 1) Self-protect by moving into action the minute a compromise is detected to keep the damage to a bare minimum or 2) Purchase identity theft protection that detects fraudulent applications and activity to stop it in its tracks before it can create damage.
For many years, I have opted for identity theft protection with LifeLock, which has proven for my family to be more than worth the price.
While identity theft protection is quite reasonable given how effective it is—not to mention the peace of mind it offers, not every household can justify the cost. In that case, it’s important that you know exactly what to do so you can move into action the moment you have even an inkling that your identity—or that of your spouse or minor children—has been compromised.
Here is a handy list of the 12 steps you should take immediately, according to the folks at Nolo who produce do-it-yourself legal books and software. Keep this list handy, just in case.
1. Create a log. You need to keep a written record of every phone call, conversation and correspondence relating to this compromise. Make sure you keep copies of all documentation and forms you fill out.
2. Issue fraud alerts. You will do this by contacting the three credit bureaus: Equifax: 800 525-6285 or equifax.com; Experian: 888 397-3742 or experian.com; TransUnion 800 680-7289 or transunion.com. You will need to submit proof of identity in the process and that may may include your Social Security number.
3. Get your free credit reports from the three bureaus at AnnualCreditReport.com. Review them thoroughly to discover if there is other fraudulent information on your reports related to this compromise.
4. Call the police. File a report of the crime with your local police department. You will need to give them as much information as possible.
5. Complete an Identity Theft Victim’s Complaint and Affidavit. This is a Federal Trade Commission form you can find online at ftc.gov/idtheft. Creditors may accept this affidavit should you discover accounts in your name that are not yours.
6. Close any accounts that have been compromised, or you worry might be. Contact every creditor, bank, credit-card company or other service provider that has been touched by this fraudulent activity.
7. Change your PINs. If your debit card was stolen be sure to create a new PIN for your new card. Make it a very obscure password, not something easy like your birth date or street address.
8. Stop payment on checks. If a thief stole checks or opened bank accounts in your name, be sure stop payment at the bank as well as report the fraudulent activity with one of the major check verification companies: Telecheck 800 710 9898 or ChexSystems 800 428 9623 would be a good place to start..
9. Contact your local postal inspector. If you have knowledge or fear that someone has filed a change of address directing all of your mail to another address, go to your local U.S. Postal Service office to report this as mail fraud. You will need to file specific forms and present identification to have all of your mail forwarded back to your correct address.
10. Contact the IRS. If your Social Security number is stolen, report the theft to the IRS at www.irs.gov/Individuals/Identity-Protection. You can also call 800 908-4490. This may help to prevent tax-fraud thieves from filing tax returns in your name and collecting your tax refund.
11. Contact the U.S. State Department. If your passport is stolen or you have reason to believe someone may be fraudulently ordering a passport in your name or the name of your minor child, immediately visit the State Department we site at www.travel.state.gov or call 877 487-2778 to report what you know.
12. Contact the DMV. If your driver’s license was stolen or you think someone is using it to commit fraud, contact your state’s Department of Motor Vehicles right away. You should request a new driver’s license and also complete the department’s complaint form.