woman distressed job loss

Practical Tips to Follow If You’re Out of a Job

These days it’s practically inevitable that you or someone close to you will face a period of unemployment. Consider these practical tips every unemployed person should keep in mind while dealing with the financial and emotional toll of leaving one job and searching for another.

Young dismissed female worker sitting near the carton box with her belongings in office not knowing what to do next. Getting fired concept.

Don’t take it personally

Losing a job can cause shame, humiliation, and embarrassment. You may feel depressed and lose your confidence. Yes, it’s a very stressful time, but don’t take it personally. Thousands and thousands of people have lost their jobs in this pandemic. Don’t hibernate, and be good to yourself. If you need it, seek emotional counseling. Let your friends and family be there for you.

Remember, time heals. This too will pass.

Collect your benefits

You may have unemployment benefits, a lump-sum payout from your ex-employer, a severance package, and options regarding health insurance. Find out exactly what you qualify for and the limitations and rules regarding each benefit.

The U.S. Department of Labor website has a handy list of all unemployment offices in each state. Some states now allow you to apply online or over the phone. Generally, it takes two to three weeks from the time you file your claim to receive your first benefit check.


Don’t be too quick to pack your things and leave. Ask for help with finding a new job. Can you set up shop in a spare office for the next few weeks while you job-hunt? This gives you the use of phones, computers, and other equipment. Be sure to ask for a letter of recommendation, too.

Hoard the cash

You may be tempted to pay off debt with your severance check or savings. Don’t do it. While you’re unemployed, pay only the minimum payments required. If you’ve been prepaying your mortgage principal, pull back to only what’s required. This might be a good time to pare down and sell stuff to raise cash.

Slam the brakes on spending

If it’s not essential, forget it. Tell your family how and why things will be changing for a while, and outline ways everyone can participate in this time of transition. Make do. Look for every possible way you can avoid spending money.

Figure out health insurance

Once you leave your job for any reason, you basically have five choices:

  1. Continue on your current group plan and pay the premiums yourself
  2. Enroll in your spouse’s plan
  3. Buy individual insurance
  4. Use a state-sponsored plan  … or the worst of all worlds,
  5. Go without

Many people take advantage of their employer’s COBRA plan (you have 60 days from termination to decide whether or not to accept the benefit). If you accept it within those 60 days, you cannot be denied health insurance.

If the COBRA plan is too expensive, at least consider catastrophic-only coverage, which you can research on the Internet. This will only cover the big, expensive stuff, but the premium is fairly low.

Every state also has a low-cost health insurance plan for children. If you have kids under 18, find out if you’re eligible: Insure Kids Now! has a toll-free national number, 877-KIDS-NOW, which connects you with the program in your state.

3 Tips to Make You Indispensable at Your Job

1. Improve your value

Even if you believe it’s not particularly noticed or appreciated, find ways to do more than what’s expected and make yourself more available to your employer.

2. Project positivity

People who bring negativity to work and then use it to stir the rumor mill are more likely to wind up on the “to go” list. Start thinking like your employer, then become the employee they dream about.

3. Be a team player

Commit yourself to be cooperative, flexible, and willing to go the extra mile. If you are a joy to be around because you encourage others and make them feel good about who they are, your job security goes up.

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4 replies
  1. Karyn Allen says:

    We’re still doing a lot of these tips EIGHT (unemployed) YEARS later. (I only work semi-part-time). Husband got an early Christmas gift that year – laid off December 22, 2012.

  2. Laquita G. Jones says:

    Don’t forget to eat at home more, it is so much cheaper than eating out! If you aren’t good at cooking, you can google recipes rather than buy cookbooks. Just about anything you would want to eat can be found online…

  3. Judy says:

    I survived three massive layoffs in two years in the 1980s. I believe it was my willingness to learn new technology, and always saying, “Yes” that saved me.


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