Air conditioner and Window

Window Air Conditioner: How to Fix It, Clean It, and Make it Like New

With the heat of summer still bearing down on us, millions of window-mounted air conditioners are getting a real workout. And many owners of said units are wondering why their air conditioners aren’t working properly. In most situations, consumers can fix a window air conditioner themselves with the right information. If you have a window air conditioner in your home, here’s what you need to know to fix it, clean it and make it like new.


Air conditioner

Window air coniditoner unit being used during the how summer days for comfort,

An easy DIY project

More than any other household appliance, window-type air conditioning units are most often neglected. This is a pity because they are big energy users. A little maintenance means that homeowners can save money on both utility and repair bills. In fact, with the right information and access to replacement parts, you should be able to fix a window air conditioner yourself, saving the cost of a service call or worse, replacing the unit altogether.

All residential window air conditioners have a cooling system consisting of four primary components: a compressor, an evaporator, a temperature sensing device, and a condenser.

Air conditioner cooling systems are better understood if you think of them more as a device that removes heat and humidity from the air than a device that cools the air.

These are the essential maintenance steps you should take to keep your window-mounted air conditioning unit operating in tip-top condition while using the least amount of energy:


Every month during the months of operation, replace (or clean) the filter located in the front grill. Cost: About $20.


The condensing coils on an air conditioner get very dirty, and the dirt tends to accumulate on the inside of the coils, out of sight. Once a year, remove the entire cover of the air conditioner to gain access to the coils and then clean them by blowing compressed or “canned air” on them. Falcon Dust-Ofworks great.

As required

Don’t despair if you’ve accidentally bent the aluminum fins on the rear of the unit; will send you a handy fin-straightening comb. Cost: $10

Here are solutions for the top three dilemmas with window air conditioners:

A motor is running but no air is blowing

Air conditioners have two motors: the compressor and the fan motor. It is possible that only one is running. If, after removing the cover of the unit you discover the fan blade is very stiff and difficult to rotate, the fan motor may need oiling or may need to be replaced.

Water leaks from the front of the unit

This is normal. All air conditioners should be installed so they tilt slightly back to allow for proper removal of condensed water that accumulates.

The air smells musty

Air conditioners remove moisture from the air. Most of it is evaporated from the unit. However, it is possible for some water to stagnate in the base of the air conditioner. Also, dirt, lint or dust can collect in the water pan at the base of the unit and absorb water, allowing mold and mildew to grow. All this leads to bad smells. Thoroughly clean the water pan each year when you clean the condenser coils.

Need more help with your window-mounted air conditioners? Check, where you can live chat with a repair technician, plus get the exact parts you may need. Super helpful site!

First published: 6-23-15; Revised & Updated 8-9-19

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Air conditioner and Window
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4 replies
  1. missy says:

    Dear Mary,

    Please tell your fans to be SURE to lock the window somehow after they have
    installed the AC.

    Especially if the AC is in a window with access nearby (like the roof in your
    photo), it can be easily removed and your house can be entered while you are
    home, asleep or gone. (It has happened to me.)

    Please show people how to use a bar (inside) to jam the window closed hard
    onto the AC.

    OR, some manufacturers recommend drilling a hole through both parts of the
    window sash and wedging a bolt in so the window cannot be opened (and the AC
    removed to the side roof–from the outside–which leaves the window fully opened).

    A window AC window needs to be extra secured because they are so Visible and
    Vulnerable. This is important. Don’t wait even ONE day. Thanks, Mary.

  2. Gehugh says:

    Great reminders! Here’s one more…
    If your window unit is exposed to the elements during the winter, it probably has been wrapped in an insulating blanket, a tarp or even a plastic garbage bag. Be sure to remove winterizing wraps before preparing your unit for summer use. I can still see the horrified look on a friend’s face when, after she had suffered a week of 100°+ temps in her apartment, I removed the plastic wrap from the AC unit and all was well after that. LeukemiaThe landlord had not gotten around to removing it!

  3. Linda Carlis says:

    Mary, thanks to you I always have sniper on hand. I use it to spray down the inside and outside parts of the window a/c unit once a month when I clean the filter. It makes it smell fresh and keeps down the mold and mildew as this unit is in the shade. I leave it off until it is dry and clean the unit once a year. Here in Southeast Florida we use air conditioning all year, nearly every day.


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